The Harriot Buxton Barbour collection consists of manuscripts, scrapbooks, and other items.
Manuscripts by Barbour in the collection include proofs and galleys for Old English Tales Retold (Macmillan, 1924); Sandwich: The Town the Glass Built (Houghton Mifflin, 1948), including Barbour's research notes, early fragmentary draft pages, proofs, and galleys; and Music For Family Fun (Dutton, 1961). Also present are some pieces about Massachusetts area music and local history.
The collection includes several scrapbooks, composed of a variety of items. One scrapbook contains printed poems and short stories by Barbour; these appeared in Boston, MA area magazines and high school publications between 1919 and 1924. Another scrapbook contains reviews and other printed articles, as well as a few letters about the three musical education texts Barbour wrote with Warren S. Freeman between 1942 and 1952. Also, there are scrapbooks of letters about research, editorial shaping, publication, post-publication regarding Sandwich; these letters include many from Houghton-Mifflin. There is also a scrapbook containing reviews of Sandwich as well as photographs and letters, including one from Gertrude Lawrence (July 1948).
Other material in the collection includes some correspondence and printed material.