Trotter, William Monroe / Guardian of Boston, The
Scope:
The Guardian of Boston collection consists of printed material, correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, professional material, scrapbooks, and other material.
 
The first part of the collection pertains to the The Guardian under the editorship of William Monroe Trotter (born 1872, died 1934), while the latter sections pertain to the newspaper under the editorship of Mabray “Doc” Kountze (born 1910, died 1994). A sub-section of the Trotter-era papers consists of manuscripts and research material pertaining to Stephen Fox’s book The Guardian of Boston: William Monroe Trotter, a biography (Atheneum, 1970).

Printed material in the collection primarily consists of published issues of The Guardian, from 1901 to 1957. It is important to note that due to the fragility of the printed originals, researchers may only utilize microfilm copies in the research room at the Gotlieb Center. Also present are the published versions of several articles by Kountze on various subjects Other printed material includes various other newspapers dating from 1887 to 1966; these include the New York Freeman, The Daily Evening Transcript, The Sunday Herald, The Boston American, The Bay State Banner, Afro Magazine, Negro World, The Boston Globe, and others. Several booklets, pamphlets, and broadsides are also present, on various subjects.

Correspondence in the collection dates from 1894 to 1992. Notable correspondents include Trotter, Kountze, Charles Steward, Erroll Garner, Maurice W. Spencer, Claude A. Barnett, E. F. Tibbott, Fiorello LaGuardia, Laurence Curtis, and Stephen Fox.

Manuscripts in the collection primarily consist of writings by Kountze, including Monroe Mason, Monroe Trotter and the Boston Guardian (1965); A History of the Early Colored Press in Massachusetts and a Second Sketch of the Boston Guardian (1967); and This Is Your Heritage (Pothier Brothers, Medford, Mass.,1969) as well as several articles, talks, lectures, and notes. Also present are biographical and historical sketches of Trotter, Kountze, and The Guardian by various authors.

Photographs in the collection include images of William Monroe Trotter, Geraldine L. Trotter (wife of W. M. Trotter), Maude Trotter Steward, Harriet Edgerton, Mabray Kountze, and others.

Professional material in the collection consists of records of ownership, management, finances, and circulation of The Guardian (ca. 1926-1961, not inclusive).

Scrapbooks in the collection include a scrapbook compiled by Charles Steward, including articles by and about him; and two scrapbooks assembled by Kountze (1917-1918, 1918-1945) on various subjects.

Other items in the collection include meeting minutes, professional material, printed material, and financial material regarding the Boston Literary and Historical Association (ca. 1901-1918, not inclusive); various items regarding Charles Steward; a certificate of appreciation from the Town of Medford, Mass. to Kountze; research material on African-American history by Kountze; and Kountze’s extensive journals (1939-1992).

The Stephen Fox section of the papers includes drafts of his book The Guardian of Boston, as well as his research material. The latter includes interviews, clippings, and several photocopied letters. Correspondents in the letters include Charles Chesnutt, John A. Fairlie, Joseph B. Foraker, Edward Kinsley, Warren G. Harding, Herbert Hoover, William Monroe Trotter, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and others.

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Notable Figures
1. Trotter, William Monroe
Associated Subjects
1. African American Collections -- Journalism Subject Guide
2. Journalism Subject Guide
3. Public Affairs Subject Guide
4. Civil Rights Subject Guide
5. Guardian of Boston, The