Nuremberg Medical Trials
Scope:
The Nuremberg Medical Trial collection primarily consists of official transcriptions of the case American Military Tribunal of the United States vs. Karl Brandt, et al, 1946-1947.

The collection is organized into the following sections:
Section 1: Preliminary Interrogations and Summaries. This section consists of files identified by names of individuals, listed in alphabetical order.

Section 2. Defendants’ Document Books. This section contains files with document books and some loose sheets regarding cases, identified by defendant. The books are for the following men: Hermann Becker; Wilhelm Beiglboeck; Viktor Brach; Kurt Blome; Karl Brandt; Fritz Fischer; Siegfried Handloser; Waldemar Hoven; Joachim Mrugowsky; Adolph Pokorny; Helmut Poppendick; Hans W. Romberg; Paul Rostock; and Siegfried Ruff.

Section 3. Office of the U.S. Chief of Counsel for War Crimes: Staff Evidence Analysis (208), 20 August, 1946 - 9 July, 1947. This section consists of various documents. Each document is identified by a number.

Section 4. Prosecution Document Books of Case I. This section contains books of documents, affidavits, etc., on various topics, including the various experiments undertaken by the Nazis.

Section 5. U.S. Military Tribunals. This section contains opening statements for Tribunal I, II, IV and several cases. Defendants are Karl Brandt, Erhard Milch, Joseph Altstotter, Oswald Pohl, Friedrich Flick, and Wilhelm List.

Section 6. Military Tribunal I, Official Transcripts. This large section consists of files arranged by date; the documents are mostly typed, and are in both English and German.

Section 7. Miscellaneous. This section contains manuscript notes and information files regarding various topics, including biological propagation, diet and troop feeding, lethal injections, and slave labor. Also included in this section are several documents identified by number.

Other items in the collection include large x-ray photographs of bones, along with a glossary; photostat copies of an extensive file regarding euthanasia and a “Dachau file” on Dr. Sigmund Rascher; printed brochures and magazines, including Deuschland erwacht (1933), Die Erlanger Universitat (1947), Heute (1947), Harvard Advocate (1949), Life (1947), and La Press Medicale (1947); and, most notably, a photostat copy of the diary of Dr. Wolfram Sievers, head of the Ahnenerbe Forschungs und Lehrgemeinschaft (Ancestral Heritage Research and Teaching Society), an arm of the SS. Sievers was the only member of the wartime Ahnenerbe executed for war crimes. The diary is dated 1944.

This material was collected by Dr. Leo Alexander, who testified at the trials.
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Associated Subjects
1. Military History Subject Guide
2. Public Affairs Subject Guide
3. Jewish Studies Subject Guide
4. Nuremberg Medical Trial, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1947