Wharton, Clifton R. (1899-1990)
Scope:
The Clifton R. Wharton collection consists of correspondence, photographs, printed material, memorabilia, and artwork.

Correspondence in the collection directed to Wharton includes a letter from the Chief of Protocol, Norway (1961), along with a letter to King Olav V from President John F. Kennedy (1961); a letter from Secretary of State Dean Rusk (1961); a letter from President Lyndon B. Johnson (1964); a letter from Representative John Symington (1967); a letter from Secretary of State Cyrus Vance (1978); and a letter from Deputy Undersecretary of State for Management Ben H. Read (1978).

There is an album of photographs taken on Foreign Service Day, 1978, featuring photos of Wharton with Ambassador to Peru Theodore Achilles; Ambassador to Romania, India, and Chile Harry G. Barnes; Ambassador to South Vietnam, Ellsworth Bunker; journalist Charlotte Curtis; first woman appointed as a U.S. Diplomatic Officer in 1923, Lucille Atcherson Curtis; Secretary of State Cyrus Vance; and others. There is also a hand-colored photograph of Ponta Delgada, St. Michael's, Azores (1946); a signed portrait photograph of Philadelphia Philharmonic Conductor, Eugene Ormandy, in Bucharest (1958); and a framed photograph of the recently opened new U.S. Embassy building in Oslo, Norway (1961).  

Printed material in the collection includes a column written by Wharton titled, Our Unplenipotentiary Envoys; Newsweek (1960); an excerpt from The Congressional Record (1961), regarding Wharton’s appointment as Ambassador to Norway; A Reminiscence: Being Black in the Foreign Service: Ambassador Wharton, in interview, recalls his career, by Homer L. Calkin; Department of state Newsletter (1978); and a discussion of minorities in the foreign service with a reference to Clifton Wharton in A Short History of the U. S. Department of State Newsletter (1978).

Memorabilia in the Wharton collection concentrates heavily on items related to his service with the U.S. Department of State. There are a number of Foreign Service appointment certificates, both framed and unframed, including: Envoy Extraordinary to Romania, signed by President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles (1958); a Career Minister Certificate, signed by President Eisenhower (1958); a certificate appointing him Ambassador to Norway, signed by President Kennedy and Secretary of State Dean Rusk (1961); an Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law from Morgan state College (1963); a document appointing him United Nations Alternative Representative, signed by President Kennedy and Secretary of State Rusk (1963); upon his retirement, a U.S. Department of State Citation of Appreciation, signed by Secretary of State Dean Rusk (1964); and a flag with the insignia of the U. S. Department of State (1964).  The sole piece of manuscript material is a draft titled: Remarks by Ambassador Wharton aboard the U.S. Savannah in Oslofjord, August 18, 1964.  Awards in the Wharton collection include an expression of thanks from the Yale University Wind Symphony and Rutgers University Male Chorus, signed by A. Whitney Griswold, President of Yale University, and Marion W. Grove (1962); a Jubilee Membership to the American Foreign Services Association (1985); and a plaque inscribed with a tribute to Wharton’s service, including a brief description of his accomplishments, signed by Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, May 19, 1978, Foreign Service Day.
 
Artwork in the Wharton collection consists of an offset screen print of iconic football star, Knute Rockne, signed by the Reverend E. P. Joyce of Notre Dame University to Clifton Wharton on the dedication of a monument to Rockne in Voss, Norway (1962).
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Notable Figures
1. Wharton, Clifton R. (Clifton Reginald), 1899-1990
Associated Subjects
1. African American Collections -- Politics, Public Affairs, and Social Activism Subject Guide
2. Public Affairs Subject Guide
3. Diplomacy Subject Guide
4. Ambassadors -- United States
5. Diplomatic and consular service, American -- Romania
6. Diplomatic and consular service, American -- Norway
7. Diplomats – United States
8. United States – Politics and government – 20th century
9. Photograph albums